Early Years Foundation Stage
The children will access a range of learning opportunities to develop essential writing skills. Movements to enhance gross motor skills such as air writing and pattern making are essential. The children engage in tummy time regularly and write dance to develop these skills.
Development of balance skills/upper body strength puzzles or crayons and paper on the floor while on stomach, puzzles, crayons and paper on all fours on floor encourages shoulder/hand strengthening, squeezing wet sponges, finger painting, water play, sand play, play dough, rice play, gloop, cooking, cornflour and water.
They will develop fine motor skills, fastening, buttons, pull up a zip, threading, tweezers, cutting, pinching clay. The children will access a range of activities that requires them to grasp small objects: Making collage pictures using pieces of wool or string, decorating iced biscuits with small cake decorations, posting small items into narrow necked bottles.
The children will access a range of learning opportunities that will support the development of their shoulder, elbow, wrist stability and bi-lateral use of their hands. They will also develop control of writing implements and develop hand eye co-ordination and fine motor strength. They will learn directional sequences and movements.
The children will learn to sit in the correct position and hold a pencil correctly to allow fluid movement of the nib. They will hold a pencil using a tripod grip for writing and will be encouraged to correct any errors in grip and will understand the language “patter” to describe pencil movements in preparation of letter formation. The children will understand that letters are written on a base line and that all cursive letters ‘start on the line’ and ‘end with a hook’. They will learn that letters are part of “Letter Families” (shown) below and will begin to form letters, capital letters and numerals. Children’s name cards will most of the time be in pre-cursive.
Pencil grips and triangular pencils are used to encourage a good grip and the children are monitored so they do not hold the pencil too tightly, causing tension in the upper arm. They are given a ‘Writing Area’ to give status to their early writing.
By the end of the Foundation Stage, most children are able to use a pencil, holding it effectively to form recognizable letters, most of which are correctly formed using cursive handwriting.
Key Stage One
In Year 1, the children will learn to:
In Year 2, the children will learn to:
Key Stage Two
In Year 3, the children will start developing fluent handwriting skills, making their writing more consistent and easier to read. They will practise:
In Year 4, the children will continue to work on their fluent handwriting skills, making their writing more consistent and easier to read. They will practise:
In Year 5, the children will develop fluent, joined-up writing. This includes:
In Year 6, the children will build on their Year 5 handwriting skills and continue to develop fluent, joined-up writing. This includes: